"As historian Michael Zak explained in his book, Back to Basics
for the Republican Party, after the Civil War ended Republicans passed the Thirteenth Amendment, formally abolishing slavery. Democrats in southern states countered by enacting laws aimed at maintaining control over the ex-slaves.
Zak notes that these black codes typically prohibited African-Americans not only from owning guns, but also from operating their own businesses, assembling without authorization, being on the street after nightfall, or traveling without permission from their white employers.
He said the black code in effect in Mississippi stated that 'no freedman, free Negro or mulatto, not in the military . . . and not licensed so to do by the board of police of his or her county, shall keep or carry firearms of any kind, or any ammunition…'
'The black codes were abolished, in theory, by the GOP’s 1866 Civil Rights Act, and in practice, by the GOP’s 1868 Reconstruction Act,' Zak says."
See http://frontpagemag.com/2013/matthew-vadum/the-racism-of-gun-control for Matthew Vadum's article.
Michael Zak is a popular speaker to Republican organizations around the country. Back to Basics for the Republican Party is his acclaimed history of the GOP, cited by Clarence Thomas in a Supreme Court decision. He is also the author of the 2005 Republican Freedom Calendar. His Grand Old Partisan website celebrates more than fifteen decades of Republican heroes and heroics. See www.grandoldpartisan.com and @Michael_Zak for more information.